Human Resources & Payroll

The Guide to Employment Permits for Foreign Workers in Laos

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By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Vasundhara Rastogi

Laos, officially Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), issues several types of work visas to foreigners planning to work in the country, based on the type of employment and projects assumed by them. Some of these are given below:

  • Expert Visa (E-B2) – for foreign workers employed in international organizations or non-government organizations;
  • Investor Visa (NI-B2) – for foreign nationals investing in an enterprise registered in Laos; and
  • Labor Visa (LA-B2) – for foreign nationals working in Laos on a fixed employment contract.

In this article, we briefly discuss the two business visas types – NI-B2 and LA-B2 – , and the rules and procedures for expatriates planning to work in Laos.

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The Guide to Employment Permits for Foreign Workers in Cambodia

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By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Vasundhara Rastogi

ASB- Cambodia Employment Permits  (002)

Foreign nationals planning to work in Cambodia must obtain a valid E-class visa, previously known as ‘business’ or ‘ordinary’ visa, along with a work permit and employment card issued by the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training (MLVT).

Besides, foreign applicants must satisfy the following conditions:

  • have a job offer from an employer who is compliant with relevant regulations regarding the employment of foreign nationals in Cambodia;
  • have entered Cambodia legally;
  • possess an original passport with at least six months validity;
  • have the right to reside in Cambodia;
  • have the physical qualifications for the relevant job; and
  • have no communicable diseases.

In this article, we explain what foreign nationals entering Cambodia need to know as regards employment related visas and work permits in the country.

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The Philippines Launches Visas on Arrival Program for Chinese Nationals

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By: Dezan Shira & Associates

The Philippines Bureau of Immigration (BI) has launched a Visa Upon Arrival (VUA) program for Chinese nationals. As part of the program, the BI will issue “landing visas” to Chinese travelers upon their arrival at the airport of their destination. The program will be implemented in the capital Manila’s Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) as well as Clark International Airport, Mactan-Cebu International Airport and at Kalibo International Airport. The VUA scheme will also be extended to Chinese travelers arriving at the Manila, Puerto Princesa, Subic, Laoag, and Caticlan seaports.

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Malaysian Labor Contracts: What You Need to Know

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By: Dezan Shira & Associates

Editor: Bradley Dunseith

ASB- Malaysian Labor Contracts (002)

Malaysia continues to be an attractive FDI destination in South East Asia, offering foreign investors a skilled workforce at competitive rates. However, in the regional context, as Chet Scheltema, Regional Director of Dezan Shira & Associates, notes, “historic sensitivity to abusive labor practices, and in some cases combined with the influence of litigious jurisprudence, has led to an environment where foreign investors are advised to tread cautiously and lay a solid foundation for human resources management, lest they run afoul of local labor laws or trigger costly labor disputes. One pillar of this firm foundation is typically a well-crafted employment contract.”

As such, Malaysia as well as some of its fellow members within ASEAN, including Indonesia and Vietnam, distinguish themselves by mandating a formal, written labor contract signed by the parties. When drafted with a strong understanding of Malaysia’s regulatory landscape and labor laws, these formal contracts can serve as an opportunity for foreign investors to establish a firm foundation for human resources management in the country.

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The Guide to Employment Permits for Foreign Workers in the Philippines

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By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Vasundhara Rastogi

ASB- Employment Permits in the Philippines (003)

Foreign nationals planning to work in the Philippines are required to secure a work visa, which can be obtained from the Philippines’ Bureau of Immigration (BI), as well as an Alien Employment Permit (AEP) issued by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).

Alien Employment Permit

An Alien Employment Permit (AEP) authorizes a foreign national to work in the Philippines. Though not a work permit, AEP is an important legal document required to secure a work visa in the country.

Some foreign nationals are exempted from obtaining an AEP. These include:

  • All members of the diplomatic service and foreign government officials;
  • Owners and representatives of foreign principals whose companies are accredited by Philippines Overseas Employment Administration (POEA); and
  • Permanent resident foreign nationals and probationary or temporary resident visa holders under the Philippines’ immigration law.

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The Guide to Employment Permits for Foreign Workers in Singapore

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By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Vasundhara Rastogi

ASB- Singapore Employment Permits (002)

For expatriate workers and their employers in Singapore, understanding the process to obtain a valid employment permit is vital. The Singapore government’s Ministry of Manpower (MoM) issues a wide range of work passes and permits to expatriates planning to work in Singapore. Each of these employment permits is designed for a specific purpose and differs across various categories of employees, based on their professional skills and monthly salaries.

Some of the most common employment permits issued by the government of Singapore are discussed below:

Employment Pass

The Employment Pass (EP) is issued to expatriates employed as foreign managers, executives, and skilled professionals in Singapore, for an initial period of 2 years; thereafter, the pass can be renewed for up to three years at a time. The EP is generally issued to individuals with a job offer that includes a minimum monthly salary of SG$3,600. However, more experienced candidates are required to be offered a higher salary to qualify for the same.

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Salary, Individual Income Tax, and Social Security in Singapore

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By Dezan Shira & Associates

Editor: Vasundhara Rastogi

It is important for companies operating and hiring employees in Singapore to understand the key elements of the country’s payroll process and stay updated on the latest regulatory changes when computing salary and social security contributions.

Salary

Salary Definition

The Employment Act of Singapore defines ‘salary’ as all remuneration including allowances, base salary, bonuses, commissions and incentives, payable to an employee for work done under the contract of service. Salary does not include:

  • Any reimbursement made for expenses incurred by the employee during work;
  • Allowances for travelling, food, housing, medical and other amenities;
  • Goodwill payment or gratuity payable on retirement;
  • Retrenchment benefits payable; or
  • Pension or provident fund contributions paid by the employer.

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Payroll Processing and Compliance in Singapore – New Issue of ASEAN Briefing Magazine

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ASB 2017 issue 01_Web picThe latest issue of ASEAN Briefing Magazine, titled “Payroll Processing and Compliance in Singapore“, is out now and available to subscribers as a complimentary download in the Asia Briefing Publication Store.

In this issue of ASEAN Briefing

  • Payroll Processing and Reporting in Singapore
  • Singapore as a Payroll Processing Center for Companies in ASEAN
  • Payroll Outsourcing: Allowing Companies to Focus on Regional Expansion in ASEAN

 

 

 

 

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Individual Income Tax in Malaysia for Expatriates

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HR-Payroll-Cover-300-230By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Ellena Brunetti

Revised and Updated by Bradley Dunseith

Malaysia uses both progressive and flat rates for personal income tax, depending on an individual’s duration and type of work in the country. As expatriates may fall into either tax category depending on their work, it is important to understand Malaysia’s basic tax structure. 

The Income Tax Act of 1967 structures personal income taxation in Malaysia, while the Malaysian government’s annual budget can change the rates and variables for an individual’s taxation.

In this article, we explain how expatriates should calculate their individual income tax in Malaysia. We highlight exceptions to tax rates and penalties for noncompliance.

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The Guide to Employment Permits for Foreign Workers in Myanmar

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By Dezan Shira & Associates
Editor: Alexander Chipman Koty

As Myanmar continues to open up after years of isolation, many foreign investors and multinational companies are entering the country for the first time. For investors establishing businesses from the ground-up, skilled and experienced foreign workers are often brought in to oversee the establishment of new operations. The ability to employ skilled foreign workers is particularly important in Myanmar given the poor state of training and work-preparedness in the country. According to the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security, of Myanmar’s population of approximately 52 million, there are only about 500 skilled workers who meet international standards.

The laws concerning the employment of foreign workers in Myanmar are still developing, as is the case with many other regulations governing the country’s rapidly changing business environment. Myanmar lacks a comprehensive work permit system for foreign workers, though the National League for Democracy-led government is drafting legislation to create a more cohesive framework. That being said, there are currently multiple paths for foreigners to acquire legal working status in Myanmar, which will be explored below.

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