Malaysia to Implement Lowest ASEAN Goods and Services Tax (GST)
Beginning in April 2015, Malaysia will introduce a goods and services tax (GST) of six percent – the lowest rate in the ASEAN region. The new GST will replace the country’s current sales and services taxes. 2015 will also see the release of Malaysia’s new budget.
The new tax regime is intended to increase the competiveness of Malaysia’s exports, which will be zero rated. Additionally, a number of special schemes will be implemented in order to support the cash flow of exporters – such as allowing companies to defer accounting for GST on temporarily imported goods for re-export.
Due to the imposition of the GST, a number of important changes to the country’s tax system will take place. These include:
- A one to three percent decline in income tax rates
- Households with a monthly income of up to MYR4,000 will be exempt from income tax
- The income tax threshold for the top rate will be raised from MYR100,000 to MYR400,000
- Income above MYR400,000 is subject to a lowered tax rate of between 25 and 26 percent
- Corporate income tax rates will be reduced to 25 percent from 26 percent
- The tax rate on SMEs will be reduced one percent to a rate of 19 percent
The GST has been attacked by government opposition members, who claim that the tax is regressive and would cause more money to flow out of the country. The opposition Pakatan Rakyat party has proposed the use of a capital gains tax and a tax on inheritances as an alternative to GST. However, Malaysia’s Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Razak, has argued that the GST is a better tool for increasing government revenues and will allow the country to become more competitive against rivals such as Singapore.
The implementation of GST has been an increasingly common sight throughout ASEAN. Besides Malaysia, only Brunei and Myanmar have not implemented the tax regime.
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