ASEAN Regulatory Brief: Cambodian Company Registration, New Philippine Levies, and Indonesian Tax Holidays
This edition of ASEAN Regulatory Brief features new company registration methods in Cambodia, a new levy in the Philippines, and an Indonesian tax holiday.
Cambodia: Companies required to re-register when government launches online registration
Companies registered with the Ministry of Commerce will be required to re-register once the online registration is launched on 7 December. More than 50,000 firms are registered with the ministry. The online registration aims to cut through the red tape involved in starting a business in the country. Registration is free and should take around 45 minutes.
Officials have stated that the new system will cut down on unofficial fees associated with the paper based manual system. The government plans to give companies a year to re-register; however no punitive measures were provided if companies failed to comply. The data from the online registration will also be available to other government agencies including the tax department and the customs authority. Companies in the country should take advantage of the new online registration system as this will help in ease of doing business.
Philippines: Proposed law seeks to impose tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
The government has proposed an excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages such as soft drinks and energy drinks of about P10 (US $0.22) for every liter. In addition, a 4 percent increase every year will also be imposed from 1 January 2017. The bill defines sugar-sweetened drinks as a non-alcoholic beverage that contains caloric sweeteners, added sugar or artificial/non-caloric sweetener. This also includes sweetened tea, coffee and ready to drink non-alcoholic beverages in powder form. However, all natural fruit and vegetable juices, yogurt beverages and milk products will be excluded.
If the law goes ahead, distributors failing to declare the volume of sales would result in the cancellation of permit and as well as fines. Analysts indicate that the prices of soft drink would rise by 16 to 36 percent whereas powdered juices would increase by 101 to 140 percent. The Beverage Industry Association of the Philippines (BIAP) has opposed the tax and claimed it as ‘anti-poor and anti-business’. The BIAP further stated that such taxes will put an additional burden on everyday consumers due to the increased prices.
Indonesia: Government announces tax holiday for foreign investors
Indonesia’s Finance Ministry announced a range of tax incentives for foreign investors in a bid to boost investment and economic growth. To be eligible, companies must invest a minimum of US $71 million and could receive a tax break ranging from 10 to 100 percent. The initial period for the tax holiday would be between five to 15 years, with a possible extension of another five years. The regulation applies to specified sectors in base metal, oil refinery, basic petrochemicals, machinery, renewable energy, telecommunication equipment, marine transportation, processing industries in special economic zones and joint public/private economic infrastructure.
The tax scheme is designed to attract foreign investment into the country’s remote areas, where economic development has taken place at a slower pace. Reports indicate that companies will be able to earn twice the revenue that previous regulations permitted. The government in recent weeks has also announced interest tax relief for exporters, exempted certain goods in industrial processes from import duty, and exempted imported transportation equipment and related delivery services from value-added tax.
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